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Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment in Iran

Vision is the art of seeing what is invisible to others.

What is diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication arising out of diabetes that affects the eyes. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue in the eye. When the blood vessels in the retina are damaged, the condition is called diabetic retinopathy. At first, there may be only mild problems with vision, but there are chances that diabetic retinopathy can eventually cause blindness .

What are the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?

There are usually no symptoms of diabetic retinopathy until it starts to change your vision. When this happens, the disease is already severe. Having your eyes checked regularly can find the disease early enough to treat it. Treatment can help prevent vision loss. Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy and its complications may include :

How diabetes can affect the eyes?

The retina is the light-sensitive layer of cells at the back of the eye. It converts light into electrical signals. The signals are sent to the brain which turns them into the images you see.The retina needs a constant supply of blood. It receives this through a network of tiny blood vessels. Over time, a high blood sugar level can damage these blood vessels in 3 main stages :

Stage 1: Background retinopathy
Tiny bulges develop in the blood vessels. These may bleed slightly but do not usually affect your vision.

Stage 2: Pre-proliferative retinopathy
More severe and widespread changes affect the blood vessels. These include more significant bleeding into the eye.

Stage 3: Proliferative retinopathy
Scar tissue and new blood vessels, which are weak and bleed easily, develop on the retina. This can result in some loss of vision.If a problem with your eyes is picked up early, lifestyle changes and treatment can stop it getting worse.

Who is at risk of diabetic retinopathy?

Anyone who has diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy. The risk of developing the eye condition can increase as a result of :

WHAT IS THE Complications OF diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the retina. Complications can lead to serious vision problems :

WHAT ARE THE Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?

You will not usually notice diabetic retinopathy in the early stages. It does not tend to have any obvious symptoms until it's more advanced.Early signs of the condition can be picked up during diabetic eye screening .

WHAT ARE Diabetic eye screening?

People with diabetes aged 12 years and older are regularly invited to attend screening.
Screening is offered because
:

The screening test involves examining the back of the eyes and taking photographs. Depending on your result, you may be advised to :

HOW TO Reduce your risk of diabetic retinopathy

You can reduce your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, or help stop it getting worse, by :

Treatments for diabetic retinopathy

Treatment is only necessary if screening detects your vision is at risk.If the condition has not reached this stage you should continue to manage your diabetes.The main treatments for more advanced diabetic retinopathy are :

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